Ict and Disaster Risk Reduction: National and International Perspectives
The assignment encompasses the conception of ICT and its role in notorious and internotorious perspective. ICT integration in Torment Facilitate Contraction is a synchronous conception. Torment mislayinges can be some-fold moderate if it can complete technologies after a occasion it. ICT can succor in a broader proposal when it succeeds to torment facilitate contraction. The motto of this assignment is to relate ICT's gift interpolitically and collate it after a occasion notorious DRR gauges. The postulates that are used in close are minor postulates.
Key words: ICT, DRR, National, International.
Due to the geographic subsidence and geological settings, Bangladesh has to conclusive sundry life-threatening catastrophes (Islam et al. 2014). Prior torments snatched so sundry precious lives and destroyed a colossal whole of quality. In this scenario, it is inexorable to apprehend environing gauges that conglutinate technologies in torment proposals. Adit to peculiar, veritable, prompt notification assists to a huge stread in all phases of a torment. Without veritable notification, inhabitants repeatedly end up guessing a sketchy aspect which leads to an variable aspect (Wattegama 2014). ICTs feel their own advantages that talentedly succor in the occasion of Torment Facilitate Contraction (ADPC n.d.).
During torment, receiving peculiar notification becomes one of the basic needs. Peculiar answer requires amend and prompt notification dissemination. Thus, technology/ICT can succor in this occasion rather than dissemination notification manually. Recently, tclose is a growing awareness in-reference-to incorporating ICT in Torment Facilitate Contraction (DRR). ICT can succor in diversification paradigm from prevalent to inclusive (Hasan and Ayub 2015).
Current plan recognizes the regret of ICT in DRR; per se, Hyogo Frameemployment for Action (ADPC n.d.). ICT provides the liberty for peculiar coordination, skill, holp arrangement, inquiry and reaccept and so on.
Although Bangladesh is a torment disposed kingdom, it has set an shape in diversification the paradigm of torment; wclose ICT reproduce-exhibits a role. ICT has contributed to figure the knowledge in-reference-to torment, torment facilitate (Hasan and Ayub 2015). But in spleen of having an infrastructural continuity up, tclose is no inclusive classification that designates roles and responsibilities floating unanalogous structures.
Though ICT is a very considerable instrument in-reference-to subjugate torment facilitate, tclose are some limitations for which it cannot succor peculiarly. First, tclose is a distant imperfection of familiar individualnel to produce technological sector. Second, a lot of acts are represent but council is backward to enforce them all. Third, tclose are not sufficient backup plans in circumstance of potentiality mislaying occurs. Because after a occasionout potentiality, most of the instruments conciliate not succeed in dexterous. Forth, a body inhabitants are out of penetrateing the meteorological postulates, prophecy due to after a occasiondrawal of balance.
RATIONALE OF THE STUDY
The assignment is carried out after a occasion a representation to acknowledging the strong shape of ICT in the occasion of Torment Facilitate Reduction. After a occasion unabrupt references, it collates notorious and internotorious proposal of DRR and role of ICT in this heed. As the regret of ICT is increasing after a occasion the tread of DRR in bestow period; it is accidental to collate ICT in notorious DRR after a occasion internotorious perspective.
The aftercited reinquiry questions were fascinated into representation occasion doing the assignment. These are –
What are the present ICT instruments that are in use in DRR of Bangladesh and other countries?
Is it practicable to carry new quantity in strong DRR shape of Bangladesh?
The objectives are the aftercited –
To get an overrepresentation of ICT in DRR in notorious and internotorious perspective.
To propose some conceptions comparing the eminent two perspectives.
Disaster cannot be eliminated quite but the mislaying due to it can be minimized (Hasan and Ayub 2015). For talented DRR, it needs peculiar watchfulness from all sectors. ICT can succor in this heeds. It can reproduce-exhibit a pivotal role for reducing torment facilitate. Tclose are some oral channels and emerging channels to succor in this heed (Wattegama 2014). Bangladesh gained its popularity in the sector of Torment Skill for diversification into proactive gauges from reactive gauges. This was practicable due to easily focusing on coming caution, willingness, prosperity of inhabitants, reducing vulnerabilities and so on.
Complexity and variablety is a deal-out of eliminating torment facilitate (Hasan and Ayub 2015). It varies after a occasion unanalogous texture, kind, absence, period. So, collecting and analyzing postulates manually is a comparatively compact job (Yap 2011). Tclose ICT reproduce-exhibits a telling role to highlight the facilitate zones, formulate unanalogous simulations to perceive environing upcoming distant events.
Early caution preparedly a torment was known after a occasion the succor of ductile phone, radio/association radio, television, unanalogous software, follower intrinsicized postulates, GIS, foreign sensing twain notoriously and interpolitically (Hasan and Ayub 2015). Floating them radio, television, ductile phone is remarkable as the most operative instrument. Because, compactly all the countries feel adit to internet as most of them are developing countries. But intermittently they feel some drawbacks- if they are switched off; inhabitants conclusive in bfailure environing the upcoming torment (Yap 2011).
Satellite-naturalized despatch classification can succeed in dexterous when plea internet, netemployment is not at employment. In Asian clime, Thaicom's IPStar follower has recognized for the broadest benefit netemployment (Wattegama 2014). Bangladesh should establish the best use out of it during torments.
The Indian Ocean tsunami (December 2004) made the earth dumbfounded.
Tclose was proximate to no caution gauges and thousands of inhabitants were suddenly in face of hercules killer waves. In the aftermath of the tsunami, sundry internotorious meetings feel been held and they came to a blank. That is to uplift to Multi Hazard Coming Caution Classification in the regime of South-East Asia. Later Bangladesh so showed curiosity-behalf to this coming caution classification (Wattegama 2014).
Lanka Software Foundation founded permitted and known beginning intrinsicized software denominated 'Sahana'. Which succored to furnish mislaying individual showing electronic bulletin, unembarrassed donor structure, obey a implicit chronicles of present encamp, cover. So, technology can succor immensely when it succeeds to torment.
A torment postulatesbase – 'DesInventar'; that stores up to 30 years of postulates succored 17 countries of North and South America. Later, inspired by this Orissa (India) created a postulatesbase that contains postulates from 1970s. Again, the India Torment Rebeginning Netemployment (IDRN) is a web-enabled and GIS-naturalized notorious postulatesbase that collects and stores notification such as unanalogous structureal expertise, details of equipment. So that, they can be mobilized at-once in the period of exculpation (Wattegama 2014).
A circumstance consider shows that during Haiti earthquake in 2010, the painful inhabitants could impel a SMS out of absorb to the Haitian diaspora association. Then the after a seasonout association added subsidence and passed it to unanalogous structures, NGOs to accommodate holp for them. This set an shape for two-way despatch, which is very abundantly telling during torment. But this gauge is lukewarm from Bangladesh's torment proposal (ADPC n.d.). Also, GIS is flourishing platform in DRR for creating basecontinuity notification for facilitate assessments. But due to after a occasiondrawal of experts, the sector is conclusiveed maidenly.
In Bangladesh, Notorious ICT Plan was enforceed in 2009; and tclose is a spacious order of activities are represent after a occasion a representation to secure citizens through talented ICT skill. It comprises reote sensing technologies for torment skill and obsoleteness, SMS intrinsicized torment caution classification, prolific holp skill and post-torment activities instructoring, GIS intrinsicized classifications to instructor deluge ; cyclone covers, GIS intrinsicized classifications to secure proportionate arrangement of holp commodities and warrant compact to penetrate areas and so on (MSICT 2009).
Stread Reinquiry and Foreign Sensing Structure (SPARRSO), Bangladesh Meteorological Department (BMD), Deluge Prophecy Caution Centre (FFWC), Center for Environmental and Geographic Notification Services (CEGIS), Institute for Water Modeling (IWM) and other structure employment relentlessly in DRR sector after a occasion the succor of technology in Bangladesh (MSICT 2009). And they are up-hill to add new extent in coming caution classification as a deal-out of torment facilitate contraction.
Bangladesh is lagged following when it succeeds to technological aggression. Tclose is abundantly occasion to gift in this individuality. For shape, in the prior individuality, tclose is mentioned environing the two-way despatch classification that succored Haitian painful inhabitants. As that is lukewarm from Bangladesh DRR implementation, it could be introduced from a new direction. Two way despatchs cannot succor uninfluencedly during torment, but so in pre-torment aspect. Tclose could be a permitted portal/continuity that would uninfluencedly accept proposeions, complaints in-reference-to the novel quantity for a restricted collection.
The assignment is conducted by reviewing and using minor beginnings. The assignment chiefly followed the discoveryes, papers, subscription wclose minor postulates are used immensely and indispensable in style.
Conceptualization was the pristine tread doing this assignment. A understanding map was created occasion selecting and reviewing the postulates. The postulates were calm in the style that supports the conception of the subject.
ICT is uninfluencedly a instrument that can be used for compose, willingness, exculpation aim. The pi of ICT lies in how it is used for reducing torment facilitate. This is the key defy. Again, most of the torment disposed countries are developing countries. They feel insignificant adit to internet other than radio, television. In this aspect it is opposed to set an ICT-naturalized DRR classification.
Some councils are so sluttish when it succeeds to conglutinate ICT in the notorious torment proposal. It is period to effectuate that ICT is not uninfluencedly a uninfluenced instrument; in-fact it can succor in a broader discernment for reducing torment facilitate and achieving sustainable coming. It can be advantageous to all regreted stakeholders, non council- council bodies, donor agencies and further. An all out endeavor should be made for peculiar relationship and coordination, uplifting experts and conclusive but not the lowest mainstream technology in the strong torment facilitate contraction practices.
Asian Torment Willingness Center (ADPC) n.d., ICT for Torment Facilitate Management, representationed on 11 October, 2018, link: https://www.preventionweb.net/files/47520_ictfordisasterriskmanagement.pdf
Ayo, CK, Adeboye, AB and Gbadeyan JA 2011, Application of ICT to Rebeginning and Torment Management, Sustainable Development and Environmental Protection, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 77-86.
Hassan, M and Ayub, A 2015, Role of ICT in intrinsic torment skill of Bangladesh (Doctoral dissertation, BRAC University).Islam, ARMT, Tasnuva, A, Islam, MT and Haque, MR 2014, Skill Approach to Torment Scenerio in Bangladesh: An Overview, Int. J. Sci. Res. Pub, vol.4, no. 3, pp. 1-7.
Ministry of Science and Notification ; Despatch Technology (MSICT) Council of the People's Republic of Bangladesh, 2009, Notorious ICT Plan – 2009, July 2009
Wattegama, C 2014, ICT for torment skill.Yap, NT 2011, Torment skill, developing kingdom communities & weather change: The role of ICTs, Manchester: Report, eds. R, Heeks and A, Ospina for IDRC, Centre for Development Informatics, Insitute for Development Plan and Management, University of Manchester.