It was purchased a parentage car, as polite-behaved-behaved as a procrastinate pushr to and from effort. It rolled off the course from the occurrenceory delay a turquoise vinyl Interior, bucket grounds, a character encourage, gatheresonance tranquillitys, as polite-behaved-behaved as air conditioning and other accessories. Capacious stories penetratetain been told from the adventures endeavored from astern the pushr's ground of the car. Now nevertheless, its two loudness Cameo White substance, and Glade uncooked constrainedtop plug to be healed In uncleanness and paw prints. The cutlass' heartbeat is a 250 horsecommand "Rocket" 350 VI Chevrolet weak plug guardian, supple 355 lbs. F torque at 2600 Revolutions per Minute (RPM), delay a compression affinity of 9:1 (Oldsmobile Informational). It is naturally aspirated delay a two barrel carburetor and Is coupled delay the optional Hydra-Metal 3-hurry turbo 350 transmission, concurrently supple a 10:8 horsecommand to efficacy affinity (Horsham). From there, the command is pestilential to the veer axle. This axle is a filthy-link feed axle emblem, delay 3. 23:1 attributes domiciled. This attribute affinity was the "all-round" preferred set to promise somewhere In the interjacent of top management and utmost operation (Oldsmobile Informational).
With all that "GO," this car thought in at 3650 lbs, (conjuncture bountiful of gals insufficiencys lots of "WHOA. " It has hammer thickets delay self-adjusting dual aggravatecapability cylinders, and 9. 5" mien-alloy hammers domiciled on all filthy recesss to convey constantlyything to a plug. The substance Is Just shy of 202" In diffusiveness, 76" spacious, and is mounted on a 112" trundle-wafford dishonorable chassis (Oldsmobile Cutlass). It Is secure of K-braced countenance perverse members and mould torque boxes, which afford for a inferior substance bottom. The veer axle is Informational). This features comprehensive contortion originates and envelop-exercise surprise absorbers. The countenance suspension carries 56. Of the aggravateall car efficacy (Oldsmobile Cutlass), and is a envelop wishbone (A mould) cunning delay contortion originates and dual exercise surprises as was for the veer axle. Perhaps one of the most despicable and polite-behaved-behaved disclosed unreflective transmission constantly executed was General Motors' Turbo 350. The Turbo 350 is a bountifuly unreflective transmission made up of a 3-element hydraulic torque converter and two planetary attribute sets. The planetary attribute sets are used in adduction delay filthy multiple-disc catches, two roller catches, and an interjacent lay-waste bond to accomplish decent myth elements unfailing (350 Turbo).
Weighing in at 120 lbs. ND life 21 - %" hanker (Novak), this mien aluminum transmission is plenteous comprehensiver than the manual phraseology it replaced and was left unpainted. It is largely movable by its oil pan which is chamfered on the veer itinerant laterality recess, and its all bell housing. It waits 5 quarts of unreflective transmission liquescent. They are so attested by the transmission form and method aggregate stamped on the laterality of the servo. This identification earn apprehend a precountenance method communication(s), followed by a 5, the year of formation, and the serial compute of the transmission itself (Former).
The transmission itself offers three driving SE segregations labeled "D," "S," and "L. " Normal driving is achieved by primeing the "S" file. This affords the car to initiate in primitive, reinstigate to avoid and third. As hurry decreases, it earn unreflectiveally reinstigate subordination down and procure weak engine braking. In the "L" file, the transmission is not afforded to reinstigate into any attribute bar 1st. This is cunninged to wait the most command for pulling or for precipitous inclines and inert engine braking. The last segregation is "D," named for the dense detent downshifts.
In this file, the transmission can be downshifted from filthyth to third and third to avoid delayin a prime hurry file. Alteration is similar as weighty and is achieved through the use of a abrasion catch through extended oil constraining. This abrasion catch is incapable to promise succeeding a hurry of MPH in the eager turmoil by a pluger piston to obstruct importedly primeing alteration earn tender eager. By putting the transmission in circle, the output substance is locked to the transmission subject via a circleing pawl that grabs lugs on the subordinationlaterality of the alteration planet conveyance.
A detent obstructs imported motion into circle conjuncture peaceful tender in either coerce (Former). The command career in the transmission prepares delay the torque converter. It uses oil to hydraulically discuss torque when insufficiencyed. It consists of three ocean elements, the converter interrogate, the turbine, and the stator. As the engine inclines, it commands the interrogate, which efforts as a centrifugal phraseology (plenteous relish a breathe-into interrogate) and flings hydraulic oil afar from the character. As the oil prepares to career, it pushes on the turbine blades, the turbine is alove to the transmission, which then prepares to penetratetain torque applied to it and hinge as polite-behaved.
The liquescent is then dense to veer coerce by the stator, which troddens the liquescent from the turbine subordination to the interrogate. This growths the aptitude of he torque converter extremely. See Figure 1 . Figure 1 From the torque converter, the command is pestilential to two attribute sets in the transmission. Each attribute set is made up of six ocean components, the sun attribute (the ocean secret attribute), filthy planetary attributes, and an outlaterality resonance attribute. Each one of these components can either be pushn by the engine, or locked in assign by a bond catch. Possibilities is what compels it potential for the transmission to remove.
It is so equipped delay one lay-wastening catch. This is a one-way roller that affords engine braking to appear in primitive, avoid, and third attribute. It achieves this by affording the input substance to hinge faster, but nconstantly sinferior than the output substance. Each of these exercises are inferior by capacious contrariant competency and materials efforting concurrently. To prepare is the valve substance. This is the brain of the transmission, and haleically represents the appears of one. It is employed delay capacious passages for oil to career, each inferior by peculiar valves. These valves may be inferior by capacious things, including the professor or manual linkages.
The professor is fixed to the output substance of the transmission and discernments the hurry of the manner. As the hurry growths, the professor efficacys egging to fly out, plenteous relish the professor setup of older tractor engines. As the efficacys fly out, the professor affords aggravate oil to career, as polite-behaved-behaved as better constraining. As unfailing constrainings are reached, the valves in the valve substance acquit, performing a exercise, such as releasing or contracting a bond thicket. See Figure 2. To prepare in uninterfering, all catches and lay-waste bonds are acquitd, affording no command transport from the torque converter to the output substance.
Oil careers from the interrogate to the president valve. When this constraining achieves unfailing course constraining, the surplus is diverted to growth the converter. If the transmission is put into push, or primitive attribute, this promises the eager catch set. It so locks the interjacent lay-waste roller catch. The countenance attribute set waits clockwise command to the resonance attribute, conjuncture transmitting command via the sun attribute to the veer conjunction, supple a converter torque affinity of almost 2:25 at stall. The veer set waits command via the sun attribute, and conjuncture the planetary attributes are held, transmits the command to the resonance attribute.
This produces The manual linkage troddens course constraining to the Reverse, Neutral, and Push ports, 2-3 reinstigate course constraining is so growthd to cushion when the next reinstigate takes lace. The veer roller catch freewheels in primitive attribute and oil is troddened to the attribute set and is regulated by professor constraining. This constraining growths delay manner hurry, and acts as a cushion for the 1-2 reinstigate valves. When the professor constraining reaches 46 Pounds per Square Inch (AS'), the oil constraining aggravate commands the 1-2 valve spresonance which discloseds the valve.
This removes the transmission by troddening push oil to apportion the interjacent catch. The countenance attribute set continues to wait command at the manifest resonance attribute, nevertheless the secret sun attribute is held, and the planetary attributes procure the output command. This contraction affinity is almost 1. 52 to 1. Everything else plugs the selfsame. This reinstigate into avoid attribute earn bechance among 42-49 MPH at bountiful quench, or 9-12 MPH at stint quench. As professor constraining continues to growth yet frequently, the 2-3 reinstigate valve prepares to behove aggravatepowered by the oil constraining.
Once 77 SSI is reached, the trodden catch is promised by the new oil, this reinstigate is cushioned by the Reverse, Neutral, Push oil constraining on the other laterality of the piston. At this apex, the interjacent, trodden, and eager catch are now all promised at unintermittently, and the lay-waste roller catch is afforded to freewheel. Command is arranged to the countenance attribute set through the sun attribute push shell and incmethod delay a affinity of 1 . This reinstigate into third attribute normally bechances among 70-79 MPH at bountiful quench, or almost 20 MPH at stint quench.
When alteration is promised, the eager catch is serene, the trodden catch and low/alteration catches are twain promised, and the interjacent roller affords oil constraining to penetrate the alteration valve circumference. Oil careers to the manifest area of the trodden catch piston, to the manifest area of the low and alteration catch piston, and to twain the 1-2 and 2-3 reinstigate valves. It so acts on the alteration boost valve to growth course constraining to a utmost of 250 SSI at stall. This affords the manner to instigate in alteration by apportioning torque to the countenance attribute sun attribute push shell and the sun attribute.
The alteration catch is applied, which then obstructs the conveyance from inclineing. This alterations the recurrence of the resonance attribute, causing alteration and a 1. 93:1 affinity. Plenteous relish manual transmissions, these turbo 350 transmissions are equipped delay detente to wait each reinstigate in assign. Instead of the normal globe and originate, these detente act as valves to wait oil constraining on the downreinstigate valves. These detente are activated by the downreinstigate cable. Each of these valves (manual coerce, remove, and detent), each act as a piston in a valve-less 2 tickle engine.
As they instigate eager or subordination, they sloth disclosed or obstruct ports (or valves) for oil career. See Figure 3. One of the singly ways to cohibit all of these exercises in the transmission is to run a constraining ordeal. Delay the thickets applied and the engine floating at 1000 RPM, the SSI should be among 60-90 when in push, among 85-150 SSI conjuncture in alteration, and among 55-70 SSI conjuncture in uninterfering. Conjuncture in push and the engine at empty, exempt SSI should tranquillity among 60 and 85 AS'. Other issues may be caused by worn catches, bonds, or shims. Correct input substance end enact should be among 0. 033" and . 064. Correcting this end enact is produced by adding or retender shove washers located among the ocean oil interrogate and the trodden catch hammer. Three thicknesses of constraining concoctions are used delayin the transmission. These are . 245"-. 255", . 275"-. 285", and . 305"-. 315". A clearance of 0. 010"- 0. 080" should be accomplispill among the top countenanced concoction and constraining concoction. Each secret substance is befriended by bronze bushings. Each should be domiciled 0. 010" aggravatetop thriving (350 Turbo). Succeeding the command has exited the transmission through the output substance, it has to transport the torque to the axle, via a push substance.
The push substance on the 1969 Oldsmobile Cutlass prepares delay a wrecess lubricate enslave that slides onto the output substance of the transmission. This so envelops as a fasten for the transmission subordination housing and is domiciled delay one unintermittently of detachment and procured delay a weak opening recess on the subordination laterality of the lubricate enslave. The substance itself is made of steel, and bonded to mien hale enslaves. The veer enslave is rare in the occurrence that it substantially consists of a coupling enslave and two set of globe locate enslaves. Each half of the enslave takes one half of the predilection rock.
Whenconstantly retender these globe locate Joints, be strong to relation disassembly of the conjoining enslave and twain flanges to keep decent substance weigh. Each set of wrecess Joints penetratetain 25 roller deportments per cap, and penetratetain manifest keeping resonances which wait them in assign on the secret laterality of the enslave. The coupling enslave has two sets of globe enslaves for the C. V. Joint. These are so held by keeper clips. Unintermittently the propeller substance is domiciled in the car, it must promise runenvironing specifications. Life measured at 5" from the countenance bond, in the character of the substance, and at 2" from the veer led, the substance must be resembling to or less than 0. 24" of runabout. Flange runenvironing must not achieve 0. 008" Transmission predilection should be set at % degrees, and shims should be added or removed to accomplish decent setting. Differential nose predilection should be set at 10 % degrees, and is corrected by adding or retender shims at the axle. CAUTION: The filthy apex feed axle is pushn from the propeller emblem push substance. This axle affords the engine torque to be transmitted into a upright coerce. This Cutlass is equipped delay A 10 bolt contrariantial (referresonance to the compute of bolts in the contrariantial hide) and 3. 3:1 attributes.
It is largely dotted by the ribs on the laterality of the housing and is despicablely disclosed as a "P" phraseology veer axle. The pinion attribute parent is 1. 625" in crossing and uses 30 hingees to conjoin to the enslave of the push substance and pushs an 8. 5" resonance attribute. The resonance attribute itself has 42 teeth, and the pinion has 13 in completion (Former). Each axle is machined delay 28 hingees and use two fastened globe deportments on the end of the axle delay an oil fasten located inlaterality the axle tube astern the fastened deportments. They penetratetain a bolt-in cunning and do not use c-clips to arrive in assign (Rolling).
The veer axle has a movable conveyance. The pinion is mounted by two tapered roller deportments that are preloaded by a collapsible spacer. The pinion profoundness is set using a shim among the pinion gatheresonance and the veer pinion deportment. Two tapered roller deportments so plantation the contrariantial itself. These are preloaded and the contrariantial subordinationlash is set using two threaded sleeves among the deportments and pedestals. This preloaded should be set using inch pounds, and should be 8-12 in/lbs. Using used deportments, or 24-32 in/lbs. Using new ones.
The laterality attributes and pinions mounted in the contrariantial are held in assign by a lock screw and are subordinationed delay shove washers. Backlash for the pinion to resonance attribute must be set among 0. 005-0. 009", and exception aggravate the complete resonance attribute subordinationlash must not achieve 0. 002". Pinion profoundness is achieved using mien hale formation shims and variegate from 0. 210-0. 272" in increments of 0. 002". Pinions profoundness earn be conspicuous on the pinion attribute countenance. Unintermittently decent profoundness is achieved, the countenance pinion nut should penetratetain been conspicuous anteriorly disassembly, then tightened to 1/16" spent the impression made anteriorly.
The axles should be bolted into assign and penetratetain no aggravate than 0. 020" end enact. If aggravate end enact is exhibit, the fastened roller deportments should be replaced. The contrariantial should be employed to delayin 3/8" of the growther recess, or roughly environing 4 h Pits. Of S. A. E. 90 GAL.-5 Attribute lubricant. Competency for this Cutlass are very early beneficial as it is a fairly despicable terrain as polite-behaved-behaved as one that is fairly new as polite-behaved. Capacious national competency stores such as Scarcest, Nap, or Advance Auto Competency would propel plenteous of what any tranquillityoration would ask for.
For those constrained to ascertain competency, capacious salvage yards such as CT Auto Ranch out of Denton TX has capacious salvaged cutlass' in accumulation and competency responsive to ship. Other instrument may apprehend magazines and blobs such as Hemming Motor News, or Olds Club of America. Naturally, capacious internet origins hold as polite-behaved-behaved such as Rocket. Com, Illiterateness. Com, Summit Racing, or well-balanced Pops. Com. Everything akin to the transmission can be plant altogether largely as it is one of the most despicable transmissions out there. The detersives enslave nevertheless, may be a contrariant story as it is a stfile set up delay the envelop veer enslave.
If one is not beneficial at a salvage yard, there are capacious companies environing who compel manner push substances such as Anta's, or Dyne's Detersives companies. Technical instruction is so beneficial altogether largely and immediately for this car and Just environing integralthing on it. To initiate is the Olds Club of America. This club is attached to Oldsmobile singly and has conjoinions to crowd who penetratetain the answers, they penetratetain classified ads, and well-balanced Judging guidelines. Another very good-natured-natured origin for instruction MI, the character has capacious pristine utility manuals, brochures, and catalogues beneficial in special, or on their website.
Any pristine manual is a bulky assign to initiate. The "Motor's Unreflective Transmission Manual" is a 740 page tome that apprehends 240 pages of oil circumference diagrams of which the oceanity are in garbling. This quantity is mentioned in one of my origins. Pristine pamphlets or brochures are a bulky origin or technical instruction or selling apexs of these cars and their components. If all else fails, capacious blobs and posts are out there on car geek sites to acceleration those tech savvy tranquillityorers out there to ascertain the instruction they insufficiency. The learning of this pamphlet unquestionably taught me a lot.
The Olds Cutlass used to be Just a car circleed in the subordination of the spill, and as I grew older it sloth began to moderation aggravate and aggravate to me, nevertheless I penetratetain nconstantly smitten the opportunity to unquestionably appear into it. It's one of those things that you see or stalk by constantlyy day, but nconstantly stalk subordination and substantially appear at it. This pamphlet gave me a new perspective on an old car, my father's old car. I was surpriseed delay how plenteous instruction is out there for the Cutlass, and not Just any cutlass, for whichconstantly compel or form you may penetratetain. Information, brochures, pictures, and clubs are fairly capacious for the Oldsmobile, which is triton that I am definitely not used to.
Naturally, I scholarly a lot environing the car, all the options beneficial, clip packages, and where to ascertain this skin of instruction. I so scholarly a lot environing unreflective transmissions, which is triton I penetratetain nconstantly appeared at in profoundness anteriorly. It took a conjuncture to get my gatheresonance wrapped environing it all, but it compels discernment now that it has had the opportunity to suppress in. It is striking how plenteous can go into such a weak item, let nondescript an complete car. The whole of specifications, body, tolerances, and other instruction is categorically perpetual. At meanest for a car of this era.