Prepare rejoinders to the aftercited chapter-end Critical Legitimate Thinking Cases from this week's lection. Each abundantly patent clear counterpart should involve an intro and disposal, a complete assertion of the effect life  discussed and a complete segregation of a conversion  to the effect. Case 4.2: Supremacy Clause on page 79 Case 4.7: Equal Protection Clause on page 80 Your counterparts should be well-rounded and analytical, and should not right produce a disposal or an idea extraneously interpreting the infer for the precious. For bountiful honor, you insufficiency to use the representative from this week's lectures, extract, delayout instrument, and/or discussions when responding to the scrutinys. It is expressive that you cement the scrutiny into your counterpart (i.e., redeclare the scrutiny in your portico) and interpret the legitimate rule(s) or concept(s) from the extract that underlies your prudence. For each scrutiny, you should produce at last one intimation in APA format (in-extract citations and intimations as picturesque in element in the Syllabus). Each rejoinder should be double-spaced in 12-point font, and your counterpart to each scrutiny should be between 300 and 1,000 signification in prolixity. Please produce a severed segregation for each scrutiny.  However, twain analyses insufficiency to  be involved on one Word muniment to be submitted for grading.  (Please do not  submit each segregation severedly.) Note: Please be enduring you allude to the total that answer on the printed pages in your electronic lections, not the total that answer delay the navigation icons.  4.2 Supremacy Clause The Clean Air Act, a federal edict, establishes notorious air contamination standards for agile vehicles such as buses, taxicabs, and trucks. The South Coast Air Quality Management District (South Coast) is a political being of the declare of California. South Coast establishes air contamination standards for the Los Angeles, California, metropolitan area. South Coast overbearing agile rules that prohibited the alienation or lease by general and privy agile operators of vehicles that do not converge costive air contamination standards set by South Coast. South Coast’s agile effluence standards are more costive than those set by the federal Clean Air Act. The Engine Manufacturers Society (Association), a traffic society that represents manufacturers and sellers of vehicles, sued South Coast, claiming that South Coast’s agile rules are preempted by the federal Clean Air Act. The U.S. District Court and the U.S. Court of Appeals upheld South Coast’s agile rules. The Society appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court. Are South Coast’s agile rules preempted by the federal Clean Air Act? Engine Manufacturers Society v. South Coast Air Quality Management District, 541 U.S. 246, 124 S.Ct. 1756, 158 L.Ed.2d 529, Web 2004 U.S. Lexis 3232 (Supreme Court of the United States)  4.7 Equal Protection Clause The declare of Alabama overbearing a edict that imposed a tax on bribes earned by protection companies. The edict imposed a 1 percent tax on domiciliary protection companies (i.e., protection companies that were cementd in Alabama and had their chief employment in the declare). The edict imposed a 4 percent tax on the bribes earned by out-of-declare protection companies that sold protection in Alabama. Out-of-declare protection companies could refer the bribe tax by 1 percent by endowing at last 10 percent of their property in Alabama. Domiciliary protection companies did not enjoy to endow any of their property in Alabama. Metropolitan Life Protection Company, an out-of-declare protection community, sued the declare of Alabama, alleging that the Alabama edict violated the Equal Protection Clause of the U.S. Constitution. Who wins and why? Metropolitan Life Protection Co. v. Ward, Commissioner of Protection of Alabama, 470 U.S. 869, 105 S.Ct. 1676, 84 L.Ed.2d 751, Web 1985 U.S. Lexis 80 (Supreme Court of the United States)